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Stridsvagn (Strv) 104 – Centurion

While waiting for a new Swedish tank, refurbishment of the old Centurions started. They were equipped with a new sight and an improved fire control system. These tanks were designated Strv 101 R and Strv 102 R. On 80 of them more extensive work was done, where the old petrol engine was replaced by an air cooled diesel engine and the manual gearbox by a semi-automatic gearbox;  these tanks were designated Strv 104. 
They received the same engine and gearbox as the American M~60, a concept used on Israeli Centurions in the 1970's.
Strv 104 was well liked; the new gearbox made it very easy to drive compared to its predecessor, and top speed increased to 30 mph (from 22 mph).These 80 tanks were first used in Kristianstad (P 6), then for two years in Strangnas (P 10) and finally, until the end of its service, on Gotland (P 18). Strv 104 retired in 2001.

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Specifications

Manufacturer

RoyalOrdnance,Storbritannien. Ombyggda av Hägglunds, Örnsköldsvik

Manufacturer's designation

Centurion, Mk3, Mk5

Swedish military designation

Strv 104

Protection

< 150 mm

Armament

10,5 cm kanon. 2 st 7.62 mm kspm/39B strv.

Manufacturing year

1953 resp. 1955, ombyggda 1983-1987.

Vehicles produced

80

Vehicles in service in Sweden

80

Engine

Teledyne Continental air cooled V12 diesel engine. 1,787 cu.in. 760 hp

Transmission

Allison 2-speed semi-automatic gearbox.

Weight

119 000 lbs.

Top speed

30 mph

Crew

4

Här står Strv 104

 

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